The median house price is one of the most common measurements used to compare real estate prices in different markets, areas, and periods. It is said to be less biased than the mean (average) price since it is not as heavily influenced by a small number of very highly priced homes.

Definition:

Median is a mathematical result that indicates that one half of the group is higher and one half lower. Median price of 101 sold homes would be that price which is lower than 50 of the prices and also higher than 50 of them.

Do not confuse this term with the average. They can be quite different for the same sample group. For instance, if you are doing a sold properties report and the homes are very evenly distributed, the median and average might be very similar. However, if the

When people are using this information in connection with property, they are simply talking about the middle price of all the houses sold in the area and timeframe being monitored.

Summary

  • Median = the # in the middle of the set
  • Mean = average of the price; add up all the values and divide by the number of homes
  • Median is a more accurate indicator of a market because it is a closer reflection of the sample set
  • Mean can be misleading. It doesn’t show us what is actually going on in the middle of the range

Example

Two homes – one is valued at $500K, the other is $100K

There is no median – we’d know that the values are in extreme ranges. The mean = 500K+100K divided by 2 = 300K but there aren’t any actual homes listed in that range

Taking an average of a set of figures smooths out the data

An average can be skewed by a big set of numbers in the high range or the low range.

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